We report about a patient who was admitted with acute lower right quadrant pain. She underwent an undetermined operation for appendiceal abscess formation 19 years ago. Our investigations including ultrasound, CT-scan, conventional radiography and finally coloscopy revealed a pericoecal mass formation. Due to worsening of the symptoms, emergency laparotomy was performed. An inflammatory process and a partial necrosis of the coecum wall at the site of the appendix basis were identified und managed by ileocoecal resection and drainage. We took this case to review the literature concerning the treatment of appendiceal abscess and appendiceal mass, and consecutively redesigned our own treatment concept.