Video urodynamic changes were compared after the pubovaginal sling procedure using rectus fascia or polypropylene mesh in women with stress urinary incontinence.
A total of 50 women with various types of stress urinary incontinence were treated with the pubovaginal sling procedure using randomly abdominal rectus fascia in 24 or polypropylene mesh in 26. The sling was placed at the level of the bladder neck and tied with sufficient tension to prevent urinary leakage without obstructing the bladder outlet. Video urodynamics were performed preoperatively, and 7 to 14 days and 3 to 6 months postoperatively in all cases. Surgical results and urodynamic changes after the pubovaginal sling procedure were compared in the 2 groups. Long-term results were evaluated at a mean followup of 2 years.
Complete continence was achieved in 23 patients (95.8%) in the rectus fascia group and 26 (100%) in the polypropylene mesh group, including 1 initial failure with reoperation, at a median followup of 24 and 23 months, respectively. The subjective success rate was 91.6% for rectus fascia and 92.3% for polypropylene mesh. The main cause of dissatisfaction was persistent urge incontinence and dysuria in 2 cases each. In each group video urodynamics revealed a mild but nonsignificant decrease in maximum urinary flow and a significant increase in bladder neck opening time at 7 to 14 days versus baseline. However, these parameters returned to baseline within 3 to 6 months postoperatively. Voiding pressure, cystometric capacity and post-void residual urine also showed no significant change in either group after the pubovaginal sling procedure. Patients treated with a polypropylene mesh sling had a shorter operative time and hospital stay, a higher spontaneous voiding rate after catheter removal and a lower incidence of wound pain after surgery. One patient treated with polypropylene mesh had sling margin extrusion. The incidence of new onset detrusor instability and persistent dysuria was similar in the 2 groups. Transrectal sonography of the sling showed that it was located beneath the bladder neck and proximal urethra in all patients in each group.
The results of this study show that the pubovaginal sling procedure using rectus fascia or polypropylene mesh as the sling material had similar effectiveness for treating female stress incontinence but the polypropylene group had more rapid recovery. Postoperatively video urodynamics demonstrated that the pubovaginal sling using either sling material did not cause bladder outlet obstruction with proper surgical technique.