It has been hypothesized that fibrinogen clusters with several components of the metabolic syndrome, thus increasing its cardiovascular risk. The aims of the present study were to assess in a large population-based cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes (1) variables associated with fibrinogen and (2) the relationship between hyperfibrinogenemia, a number of components of the metabolic syndrome, and coronary heart disease (CHD).
We identified a cross-sectional, population-based cohort of 1574 patients with type 2 diabetes using multiple sources of ascertainment. Components of the metabolic syndrome were hypertension (systolic blood pressure > or = 160 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > or = 95 mmHg and/or treatment with antihypertensive drugs), dyslipidemia (tryglicerides >2.82 mmol/l and/or HDL-cholesterol <1.03 mmol/l), hyperuricemia (uric acid >416 micromol/l) and increased albumin excretion rate (AER > or = 20 microg/min).
Fibrinogen increases with age, HbA(1c), smoking, hypertension and a number of components of the metabolic syndrome, even after adjustment for confounders. Prevalence of CHD increases linearly across quartiles of fibrinogen (from 26.1 to 40.6%, p=0.046). However, in logistic regression, after adjustment for both confounders and known risk factors for CHD, the role of fibrinogen is no more significant, whereas ORs for HbA(1c) between 6.8 and 8.8% and >8.8% vs values <6.8% are, respectively, 1.91 (95% CI 1.36-2.69) and 1.56 (1.07-2.27).
This population-based study shows that fibrinogen increases with age, HbA(1c), smoking, hypertension and a number of components of the metabolic syndrome, independent of major confounders. We also found that poor blood glucose control was associated with CHD.