In a retrospective study we analyze 5 patients with popliteal artery entrapment syndrome who were treated since 1999 to 2000 in our department.
5 patients were found to have popliteal vascular entrapment during a two-year period. From the total number of 5 patients, we performed surgery in 3 patients (5 operations). One patient rejected proposed surgical therapy, in another case the morphological lesion of the popliteal artery was not suitable for revascularisation. 3 patients underwent interposition of the diseased popliteal artery using a venous graft from a dorsal approach. Twice the decompression (myotomy) of the medial head of gastrocnemius muscle was sufficient. The study group is included in our follow up programme (median follow up 12.8 months, range from 3 to 24 months), primary and long term patency has been 100%.
On the basis of our experience, we advice total replacement of the diseased popliteal artery. A dorsal approach (Hamming's "S" shaped incision) with interposition of the popliteal artery with autogenous venous graft, end to end anastomosis on both sides, seems to be the optimal solution. In case, the arterial wall is not irreversibly changed, surgical decompression (myotomy) is sufficient to prevent the development of symptomatic disease, also using the dorsal approach.