This study was undertaken to validate a Norwegian translation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The EPDS was validated against the DSM-IV criteria for major depression, derived from the PRIME-MD, in an interview study of 56 women selected from a community-based questionnaire study of 310 women 6 weeks postpartum. A score of > or =10 on the EPDS scale identified all women with major depression, giving a sensitivity of 100% (95% confidence interval; 72%-100%) and a specificity of 87% (95% confidence interval; 77%-95%). The EPDS scores were strongly correlated with the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale in the subsample of women interviewed (n=56) and with the Hopkins Symptom Check List (SCL-25) scores in the questionnaire study (n=310). Our results with regard to the sensitivity and specificity estimates are comparable with prior validation studies; however, the confidence intervals around the estimates are wide. Nevertheless, this study confirms that the EPDS is a valid clinical screening instrument for detecting postpartum depression.