Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) has become a commonly-performed procedure, to provide enteral nutrition for patients who are unable to eat. The aims of this study were to evaluate the long term efficacy, morbidity and mortality of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG).
We analysed 144 patients who underwent a PEG procedure. Survival curves were done with the Kaplan-Meier method. The indication was long-term enteral nutrition in patients unable to maintain adequate nutrition by mouth.
The procedure was successful in all but one case. Mean age was 62 (18-85) years, 89 (62%) males. Seven patients recovered from their primary disease and gastrostomy tube was removed. Mean follow-up was 7.3+/-10.8 (1--66) months. Survival rates at 30 days, 1 year and 3 years following gastrostomy were 82%, 36% and 14%, respectively. Survival curves were better in females (P<0.0001). In almost all cases, patients were fed with current home-prepared food, and were ambulatory. There were no differences in survival curves according to the nutritional status.
There were few procedure-related complications, but a high short-term mortality, probably related with the underlying disease. The use of home-prepared food through the gastrostomy was very well tolerated, and should be encouraged.