We compared urodynamic and uroflowmetry improvements in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) after transurethral prostate resection, contact laser prostatectomy and electrovaporization.
A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of BPH who met the criteria of the International Scientific Committee on BPH, had a prostate volume of between 20 and 65 ml., and a Schäfer obstruction grade of 2 or greater. Before and 6 months after treatment urodynamics and free uroflowmetry were performed.
A total of 50, 45 and 46 men were randomized to transurethral prostate resection, laser treatment and electrovaporization, respectively. Baseline characteristics were similar in the 3 groups. Detrusor contractility did not change in any of the treatment groups. The average maximum free flow rate increased by a factor of 2.4 after transurethral prostate resection, 2.5 after laser prostatectomy and 2.4 after electrovaporization. The Schäfer obstruction grade decreased by a factor of 0.3 in all groups. Obstruction (Schäfer grade greater than 2) was not noted after transurethral prostate resection or electrovaporization but it was evident in 2 patients after laser prostatectomy. Effective capacity increased by a factor of 1.5 or more. The incidence of detrusor instability was decreased by half in all groups. The incidence of significant post-void residual urine volume decreased in all groups.
There were no significant differences in the improvement in urodynamic and uroflowmetry parameters 6 months after treatment when comparing transurethral prostate resection, contact laser prostatectomy and electrovaporization in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of BPH.