Atopic dermatitis(AD) with head and neck involvement is common and therapeutically challenging.
Efficacy and safety data specific to treatment of head/neck regions with tacrolimus ointment (Protopic) from three double-blind, randomized, vehicle-controlled studies are reported. A total of 631 adult and 352 pediatric patients with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis applied the vehicle, 0.03% or 0.1% tacrolimus ointment twice daily to affected areas for up to 12 weeks.
Significant improvements from baseline to end of treatment for signs of atopic dermatitis (erythema, edema, excoriation, oozing, scaling, and lichenification) were noted for head/neck and non-head/neck areas treated with either 0.03% or 0.1% tacrolimus ointment (p<0.001). Within each treatment group, the overall 12-week adjusted incidence rate of application site adverse events was similar for both head/neck and non-head/neck areas. The incidence of common adverse events such as pruritus, "skin burning", erythema, infection, and skin tingling in head/neck areas was comparable to that observed in non-head/neck areas within each treatment group. The overall prevalence of application site adverse events decreased rapidly during the first few days of treatment.
Tacrolimus ointment is a safe and effective treatment for atopic dermatitis on the head and neck.