The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of tinea capitis in Middle Anatolia. Between February 2000 and April 2000, a school survey of 4760 primary school children was carried out and 34 cases of tinea capitis were clinically diagnosed. Sixteen (0.3%) of them were diagnosed both clinically and using culture. Eighteen cases (52.9%) were diagnosed microscopically whereas the remaining 16 cases (47.0%) had a clinical diagnose. We also isolated and identified the following species of fungi causing the infection: Trichophyton verrucosum (five cases), T. rubrum (three), T. mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes (three), Microsporum canis (three) and T. tonsurans (two). We detected a higher rate of infection than that of the country's average.