Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis in children is a follicular inflammatory dermatosis, usually occurring early in life. The disease progresses in flares of prurigenous plaques studded with papules and sterile pustules of the scalp and other areas of the skin.
A 7 year-old boy presented with itching papular vesicular and pustular plaques on the scalp and the face. Pigmented plaques with pustular border, located on the trunk, were associated with pustular and erosive lesions of the side of the lower lip and in the nostrils. A specimen taken from the pustules did not show bacterial or fungal infection. Histologic examination of a biopsy specimen showed subcorneal pustules with eosinophilic and neutrophilic infiltrates of follicles. Clinical improvement was obtained only by the combination of steroids and dapsone, but recurrence followed withdrawal of treatment.
Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis in children is rare. Our case report combines features of the infancy form (lesions located on the scalp and face) and the adult form (location on the trunk and limbs with annular distribution), expressing the conceptual confusion that remains between both forms. The mucosal involvement seen in our patient has never been reported in the literature neither in the infancy nor in the adult form.