The authors review their experience of 14 children with syringomyelia and associated Chiari I malformation observed during the last 21 years. Initial symptoms were motor weakness (57%), sensory signs (50%), scoliosis (50%) and bladder dysfunction (21.5%), while signs of admission were pyramidal signs (78.5%) with motor deficit (43%), spinal deformities (64.2%), syringomyelic syndrome (36%) and sensory deficit (21.5%). Four children were investigated with myelography, three with myelography and spinal CT Scan and the last seven cases with MRI. Ten children (71.4%) underwent a decompression of the Chiari malformation with or without drainage of the cyst and shunting of an associated hydrocephalus. Syringo-peritoneal shunts were used in 3 children and laminectomy with syringo-subarachnoid shunt in 1 case. The neurological symptoms improved in 57% of the cases, 2 patients deteriorated and 4 patients were lost to follow-up. The authors discuss the clinical symptomatology, the MRI study, the controversies concerning the treatment and concluded with their attitude concerning this pathology in children.