Inflammation has a pathogenetic role in acute myocardial infarction (MI). Pentraxin-3 (PTX3), a long pentraxin produced in response to inflammatory stimuli and highly expressed in the heart, was shown to peak in plasma approximately 7 hours after MI. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of PTX3 in MI compared with the best-known and clinically relevant biological markers.
In 724 patients with MI and ST elevation, PTX3, C-reactive protein (CRP), creatine kinase (CK), troponin T (TnT), and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were assayed at entry, a median of 3 hours, and the following morning, a median of 22 hours from symptom onset. With respect to outcome events occurring over 3 months after the index event, median PTX3 values were 7.08 ng/mL in event-free patients, 16.12 ng/mL in patients who died, 9.12 ng/mL in patients with nonfatal heart failure, and 6.88 ng/mL in patients with nonfatal residual ischemia (overall P<0.0001). Multivariate analysis including CRP, CK, TnT, and NT-proBNP showed that only age > or =70 years (OR, 2.11; 95% CI, 1.04 to 4.31), Killip class >1 at entry (OR, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.14 to 4.25), and PTX3 (>10.73 ng/mL) (OR, 3.55; 95% CI, 1.43 to 8.83) independently predicted 3-month mortality. Biomarkers predicting the combined end point of death and heart failure in survivors were the highest tertile of PTX3 and of NT-proBNP and a CK ratio >6.
In a representative contemporary sample of patients with MI with ST elevation, the acute-phase protein PTX3 but not the liver-derived short pentraxin CRP or other cardiac biomarkers (NT-proBNP, TnT, CK) predicted 3-month mortality after adjustment for major risk factors and other acute-phase prognostic markers.