This study describes the development of a CE method for the analysis of the antihypertensive drug captopril using LIF detection. The method is based on the derivatization of captopril with the fluorescent label 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein. The optimization of the electrophoretic electrolyte composition together with other variables, such as applied voltage and injection time, resulted in a solution of 20 mM phosphate buffer adjusted to pH 12.0. The calibration curve for the fluorescent captopril derivative was linear in the concentration range 3.5-6000 ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.5 ng/mL. Intra- and interday precision (at a concentration of about 100 times the LOD) were less than 0.86 and 1.16%, respectively, both expressed as RSD. The assay was successfully used for quantification of captopril in some marketed pharmaceutical preparations and urine samples.