Leukotriene modifiers have been shown to protect against exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) with repeated, chronic dosing.
To study the onset and duration of protection against EIB after a single dose of montelukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist.
In this randomized, crossover, double-blind study, 51 adult asthma patients with EIB (> or = 20% postexercise decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1]) received a single oral dose of montelukast (10 mg), or placebo followed by exercise challenge 2, 12, and 24 hours after dosing. The primary end point was maximum percentage decrease in FEV1 from preexercise baseline during 60 minutes after the 2-hour challenge.
At 2, 12, and 24 hours after dosing, the maximum decrease in FEV1 was 10.8% +/- 7.9%, 8.4% +/- 7.5%, and 8.3% +/- 7.3% for montelukast and 22.3% +/- 13.1%, 16.1% +/- 10.2%, and 16.9% +/- 11.7% for placebo, respectively (P < or = .001 at each time point). Postexercise recovery was quicker with montelukast than with placebo (P < or = .001); mean (95% confidence interval) differences were -26.8 minutes (-35.1 to -18.4 minutes), -16.0 minutes (-22.9 to -9.2 minutes), and -17.4 minutes (-24.9 to -9.9 minutes) at the 3 time points, respectively. At all time points, area under the curve for percentage decrease in FEV1 during 60 minutes after exercise was smaller after montelukast (P < or = .001); montelukast protected more patients against EIB (P < or = .001). Fewer patients required postexercise beta-agonist rescue at 2 hours after dosing with montelukast (P = .03).
Montelukast provided significant protection against EIB as soon as 2 hours after a single oral dose, with persistent benefit up to 24 hours.