The effect of melatonin on the intraoperative requirements for i.v.anesthetics has not been documented. We studied the effect of melatonin premedication on the propofol and thiopental dose-response curves for abolition of responses to verbal commands and eyelash stimulation.
This prospective, randomized, double-blind study included 200 adults with ASA physical status I. Patients received either 0.2 mg/kg melatonin or a placebo orally for premedication (n = 100 per group). Approximately 50 min later, subgroups of 10 melatonin and 10 placebo patients were administered various doses of propofol (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, or 2.4 mg/kg) or thiopental (2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, or 6.0 mg/kg) for anesthetic induction. The ability of each patient to respond to the command, "open your eyes," and the disappearance of the eyelash reflex were assessed 60 s after the end of the injection of propofol or thiopental. Dose-response curves were determined by probit analysis.
Melatonin premedication decreased thiopental ED50 values for loss of response to verbal command and eyelash reflex from 3.4 mg/kg (95% confidence interval, 3.2-3.5 mg/kg) and 3.7 mg/kg (3.5-3.9 mg/kg) to 2.7 mg/kg (2.6-2.9 mg/kg) and 2.6 mg/kg (2.5-2.7 mg/kg), respectively (P < 0.05). Corresponding propofol ED50 values decreased from 1.5 mg/kg (1.4-1.6 mg/kg) and 1.6 mg/kg (1.5-1.7 mg/kg) to 0.9 mg/kg (0.8-0.96 mg/kg) and 0.9 mg/kg (0.8-0.95 mg/kg), respectively (P < 0.05).
Melatonin premedication significantly decreased the doses of both propofol and thiopental required to induce anesthesia.