Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is a unique pancreatic neoplasm developing in the ductal system. Two major histologic subtypes have been reported, that is the gastric type and the intestinal type. However, their histopathologic features, especially those of the gastric type, have not been fully described. To evaluate the features of these two types and refine their differences, we analyzed 80 IPMNs including 50 cases of the gastric type and 30 cases of the intestinal type with mucin immunohistochemistry. By defining a main duct-type lesion as predominantly involving the main pancreatic duct with or without branch ducts, and a branch duct-type lesion as exclusively centered on branch ducts or consisting of a collection of small cystic lesions, gastric-type IPMNs were mostly branch duct-type lesions (98%), whereas the intestinal-type IPMNs were usually main duct type (73%). The histologic grade of the intestinal type was generally higher than that of the gastric type. The intestinal type was also characterized by frequent intraluminal nodular growth, and severe atrophy and fibrosis of the surrounding parenchyma with mucous lake formation. In contrast, pyloric glandlike structures at the base of the papillae and pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN)-like complexes were more frequently observed in the gastric type. A significant difference was observed between the gastric type and the intestinal type with regard to all the above features (P<0.05). Seven cases (23%) of the intestinal type were associated with an invasive adenocarcinoma (6 mucinous and 1 ductal), versus only 1 case (2%) of the gastric type (invasive ductal carcinoma). All cases of both gastric and intestinal types expressed MUC5AC; however, high immunolabeling scores for MUC2 were mostly observed in the intestinal type (P<0.05). In conclusion, gastric and intestinal types of IPMNs have distinct histopathologic features and mucin profiles, suggesting that they may follow different biologic pathways.