Long-term memory of cocaine-associated context was established by conditioned place preference learning. After 1 week, exposure to context in the absence of cocaine (memory retrieval) was paired with one of the following treatments: saline, scopolamine (muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist), dizocilpine (MK-801; noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist) or D-cycloserine (partial N-methyl-D-aspartate agonist). In subsequent conditioned place preference tests, place preference was suppressed in the drug-treated groups but not saline-treated groups. Results suggest that the amnesic agents, scopolamine and MK-801, disrupted reconsolidation of cocaine-associated contextual memory. In contrast, the mnemonic agent D-cycloserine might have facilitated extinction learning during context exposure in the absence of cocaine. Challenge administration of cocaine reinstated place preference in all groups except the MK-801 group, suggesting that suppression of conditioned response may or may not suppress memory evoked by drug-context reexposure.