Lateral column lengthening has been associated with residual forefoot supination and symptomatic lateral overload in treatment of acquired flatfoot. A medial column procedure may be useful to redistribute load to the medial column. We evaluated radiographic and pressure changes in a severe flatfoot model with lateral column lengthening and investigated the effect of an added first metatarsocuneiform arthrodesis.
Ten cadaver specimens were loaded in simulated double-legged stance, and radiographic and pressure data were collected for all tested states. Calcaneocuboid arthrodesis was done with a 10-mm foam wedge. Residual forefoot varus was corrected through the first metatarsocuneiform joint.
Differences in the mean lateral talar-first metatarsal angle, talonavicular angle, talocalcaneal angle, and calcaneal pitch were significant between the intact foot and the flatfoot. After calcaneocuboid distraction arthrodesis and tendon transfer, the lateral talar-first metatarsal angle, talonavicular angle, and calcaneal pitch were significantly different from the flatfoot. After added first metatarsocuneiform arthrodesis, the talonavicular angle was not significantly different from the intact foot. Lateral forefoot pressure increased in the flatfoot after lateral column lengthening but was not significantly different from the intact foot after first metarsocuneiform arthrodesis was added.
Adding first metatarsocuneiform arthrodesis to calcaneocuboid distraction arthrodesis for treatment of flatfoot deformity provided improvement in radiographic and pedobarographic parameters of a severe model of stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction.