The spread of Multi-detector-row computed tomography (MDCT) has been remarkable. Here, various organ and tissue doses were evaluated with six types of MDCT scanners in common use in Japan; using thermoluminescence dosimeters and anthropomorphic phantoms under condition of routine clinical examinations of the chest in adult and child, of the head in child and of the abdomen-pelvis in adult. Estimated lung doses and averaged effective dose in chest examinations were 19.2 +/- 2.03 mGy and 9.54 +/- 0.90 mSv for the adult and 15.7 +/- 1.88 mGy and 7.42 +/- 0.82 mSv for the child phantom, respectively. The numerical difference between effective dose and organ or tissue doses was about 2-2.5 times. For the adult abdomen-pelvis examinations, averaged effective dose was 13.0 +/- 3.72 mSv. Averaged effective dose for the child head examinations was 2.6 +/- 1.32 mSv. In one case, the dose approached 80 mGy for the brain in the head examination, giving a difference from the effective dose of 10 times or more.