Hemangioblastomas of the filum terminale are particularly rare tumors. The authors present the case of a 62-year-old woman with a 6 month history of low-back-pain, who underwent surgery for the removal of an hemangioblastoma affecting the cauda at L2-L3 level. This highly vascularized tumour is tightly adherent to the filum terminale and hence is a very challenging pathology to remove. Histologically it consisted in vascular structures interposed to a network of capillary-like vessels, surrounded by stromal cells. MRI, angiography with pre-surgical embolization, and radical surgery represent the focal points in the diagnosis and treatment of these tumours. The most relevant literature has been carefully reviewed.