KP-496 is a novel dual antagonist for cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 (CysLT(1)) and thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) receptor (TP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacological profile of inhaled KP-496 and its effects on airway obstruction.
Antagonist activities of inhaled KP-496 were investigated using bronchoconstriction induced in guinea pigs by LTD(4) or U46619, a stable TXA(2) mimetic. Guinea pigs sensitized with injections of ovalbumin were used to assess the effects of inhaled KP-496 on bronchoconstriction induced by antigen (i.v.). Another set of guinea pigs were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin by inhalation and the effects of inhaled KP-496 on immediate and late airway responses and airway hyperresponsiveness were investigated.
KP-496 significantly inhibited LTD(4)- and U46619-induced bronchoconstriction in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effects of KP-496 (1%) were comparable to those of montelukast (a CysLT(1) antagonist, p.o., 0.3 mg kg(-1)) or seratrodast (a TP antagonist, p.o., 3 mg kg(-1)). KP-496 (1%) and oral co-administration of montelukast (10 mg kg(-1)) and seratrodast (20 mg kg(-1)) significantly inhibited antigen-induced bronchoconstriction, whereas administration of montelukast or seratrodast separately did not inhibit antigen-induced bronchoconstriction. KP-496 exhibited dose-dependent and significant inhibitory effects on the immediate and late airway responses and airway hyperresponsiveness following antigen challenge.
KP-496 exerts effects in guinea pigs which could be beneficial in asthma. These effects of KP-496 were greater than those of a CysLT(1) antagonist or a TP antagonist, in preventing antigen-induced airway obstruction.