Headaches are one of the most common disorders and symptoms in daily medical practice. The prevalence of migraine is 8% in men and 12-15% in women. Dramatic progress in the areas of epidemiology, pathophysiology, and acute and preventive therapy of migraine has been made over the past 100 years, with triptans being the breakthrough for treating acute migraine attacks. Beta blockers, calcium antagonists, and neuromodulators are available for preventive migraine therapy. Nonpharmacologic treatment also plays an important role in migraine prevention. New medical care structures such as integrated headache care provide better support for patients with migraine, particularly those with chronic migraine.