Cholestasis is associated with increased activity of the endogenous opioid system that results in analgesia. Endocannabinoid system can reduce pain sensitivity. The use of inhibitors of endocannabinoid metabolism is a novel means of pharmacologically increasing endocannabinoid levels. Considering the interaction that has been shown between the endogenous opioid and endocannabinoid systems in nociception processing, we studied the effects of URB597, a selective inhibitor of FAAH (fatty acid amide hydrolase), on modulation of nociception in a model of elevated endogenous opioid tone, cholestasis. Cholestasis was induced by ligation of the main bile duct using two ligatures and then transection of the duct at the midpoint between them. Seven days after surgery, tail-flick latencies were measured at 60 min after drug administration. A significant increase (P<0.001) in nociception threshold was observed in cholestatic rats compared to unoperated and sham groups. Administration of URB597 (0.3 mg/kg, i.p.) in cholestatic animals significantly (P<0.001) increased tail-flick latency compared to the vehicle treated cholestatic group. URB597 injection to unoperated and sham groups caused a significant (P<0.05, P<0.05) increase in tail-flick latency compared to their respective vehicle treated groups. The antinociceptive effect of URB597 was blocked by coadministration of a cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist, AM251 (1 mg/kg, i.p.) but not by a cannabinoid CB(2) receptor antagonist, SR144528 (1 mg/kg, i.p.) with URB597. These data showed that URB597 as a FAAH inhibitor potentiates antinociception induced by cholestasis in tail-flick test and that the inhibitory effects of URB597 in this model are mediated by cannabinoid CB(1) and not CB(2) receptors.