P-glycoprotein, the gene product of multidrug-resistant transporter-1 (MDR1), confers multidrug resistance against antineoplastic agents but also affects the kinetic disposition of some drugs and carcinogens. MDR1 C3435T polymorphism influences the development of colon cancer and adult acute myeloid leukemia by the association with transporting carcinogen. The aim of this study was to clarify the association of MDR1 C3435T polymorphism with susceptibility to gastric cancer and peptic ulcers in patients with Japanese H. pylori infection.
We assessed the MDR1 C3435T polymorphism in H. pylori-positive gastritis alone patients (n=150), gastric cancer (n=292), gastric ulcer (n=215), and duodenal ulcer (n=163) and H. pylori-negative subjects (n=168) as control by a PCR-based method.
No significant difference existed in frequencies of MDR1 C3435T polymorphisms between H. pylori-negative controls and H. pylori-positive gastritis alone patients. Moreover, MDR1-3435 T allele carriage didn't affect the risk of gastric cancer or peptic ulcer development. The age- and sex-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of MDR1 3435 T allele carriers relative to the C/C genotype group for gastric cancer, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer risk were 0.96 (95%CI: 0.56-1.66), 1.16 (95%CI: 0.72-1.84) and 1.00 (95%CI: 0.61-1.62), respectively.
In this preliminary data, the association with MDR1 C3435T polymorphism and risk for developing H. pylori-related gastric cancer and peptic ulcer in Japanese was low. P-glycoprotein might not be involved in the carcinogenesis of H. pylori-related gastric cancer.