To evaluate restoration of the photoreceptor outer segment and visual outcomes in closed macular holes.
Retrospective case series.
We retrospectively observed the reparative process of macular holes in 28 eyes one, three, and six months postoperatively using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. We evaluated the reflective line at the junction between the photoreceptor inner and outer segment (IS/OS) and the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).
The outer photoreceptor layer showed a foveal detachment, a disrupted IS/OS line, or both one month postoperatively. No eye had a continuous IS/OS line. These abnormalities were gradually restored at various levels. At six months, nine eyes had a normal outer photoreceptor layer, four eyes outer foveal defects with a continuous IS/OS line, 12 eyes a disrupted IS/OS line, and three eyes outer foveal defects with a disrupted IS/OS line. The mean BCVAs were significantly (P = .017) lower in groups with a disrupted IS/OS line compared to groups with a continuous IS/OS line with or without outer foveal defects.
Macular hole closure is attained by bridge formation (foveal detachment) and the IS/OS line heals in varying degrees. The visual outcomes were significantly better in eyes with a continuous IS/OS line than in those with a disrupted IS/OS line.