To construct a human phage display single-chain Fv (ScFv) antibody library against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), for specific ScFv antibody cloning.
Total RNA was isolated from the lymphocytes of patients with positive serum antibody against MTB and reverse transcribed into cDNA. The heavy chain and light chain variable region gene of human immunoglobulin were amplified individually by PCR and then assembled into ScFv genes. The ScFv genes were ligated into phagemid pCANTAB5S. The human phage display ScFv library against MTB was constructed by transforming the recombinant phagemid into E. coli TG1 with the presence of helper phage M13K07.
The human phage display ScFv library containing 10(7) different clones was constructed successfully.
A phage display ScFv library against MTB has been constructed based on the variable region gene of immunoglobulin of the lymphocytes of TB patients and phagemid pCANTAB5S. The specific ScFv antibodies can be screened from this library.