Spectral analysis of local field potential (LFP) recorded by deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrode around the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in patients with Parkinson's disease was performed.
The borders of the STN were determined by microelectrode recording. The most eligible trajectory for the sensorimotor area of the STN was used for LFP recording while advancing the DBS electrode.
The low-frequency LFP power (theta- to beta-band) increased from a few millimeters above the dorsal border of the STN defined by microelectrode recording; however, the low-frequency power kept the same level beyond the ventral border of the STN. Only high beta-power showed close correlation to the dorsal and ventral borders of the STN.
A spectral power analysis of LFP recording by DBS electrode helps with the final confirmation of the dorsal and ventral borders of the STN of Parkinson's disease in DBS implantation surgery.