Dyslipidaemia commonly coexists with diabetes. We investigated the association of lipid profiles with glucose levels in populations of Asian origin without a prior history of diabetes.
Cross-sectional data of 10,374 men and 12,552 women aged 30-74 years from 14 cohorts, representing seven populations of Asian origin were jointly analysed. Multivariable adjusted linear regression analyses with standardized regression coefficients (beta) were performed to estimate relationships between lipids and plasma glucose.
Within each glucose category, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels were correlated with increasing levels of triglycerides (TGs), total cholesterol (TC), TC to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio and non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C) (p < 0.05 in most of the ethnic groups) and inversely associated with HDL-C (p < 0.05 in some, but not all, of the populations). The association of lipids with 2-h plasma glucose (2hPG) followed a similar pattern as that for the FPG, except that an inverse relationship between HDL-C and glucose was more commonly observed for 2hPG than for FPG among different ethnic groups.
Hyperglycaemia is associated with adverse lipid profiles in Asians without a prior history of diabetes. The 2hPG appears to be more closely associated with lipid profiles than does FPG. When assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease, the association of the dyslipidaemia with intermediate hyperglycaemia needs to be considered.