UVB 311 nm phototherapy (NUVB) is used successfully in the treatment of psoriasis or atopic dermatitis and is often chosen as "first-line" therapy. In a prospective study we investigated the efficacy of the targeted UVB 308 phototherapy by excimer laser in the treatment of 57 patients with localized, mild therapy-resistant atopic dermatitis. We achieved a complete remission (CR) in nearly 85% and a partial remission (PR) in 15% after 10 treatments during 6-8 weeks in all patients. A mean reduction in patient-reported pruritus was one hallmark after 3-4 treatments. 48 other patients with lichen simplex chronicus Vidal, nodular prurigo, granuloma anulare, alopezia areata (AA) and lichen ruber planus were also treated by targeted NUVB. We found higher rates of CR and PR only in patients with AA and in patients with oral Lichen ruber mucosae. These results and the systematically reviewing of the current medical literature shows that targeted NUVB by excimer laser cannot be successfully transferred for all inflammatory skin diseases. In particular, Excimer UVB treatment expands the therapeutic options in patients with localized and therapy-resistant atopic dermatitis enormously.