To evaluate the effects of statins on coronary atherosclerotic plaque in patients with stable angina pectoris and type 2 diabetes with mild elevated low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C).
Seventy-eight patients with stable angina pectoris and type 2 diabetes mellitus and mild elevated LDL-C were treated with (n=40) or without (n=38) statins for 12 months. Coronary artery angiography (CAG) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were performed at baseline and after 12 months on lesion and reference segment to compare the plaque volume, lumen volume, vascular volume and remodeling index was calculated as vascular volume index (VVI) at lesion divided by VVI at reference segment One coronary lesion with 50%-70% stenosis was selected as target plaque in each patient.
Baseline clinical and angiographic data were comparable between the two groups. After 12 months, LDL-C decreased 31.5% in statin group and remained unchanged in non-statin group. After 12 months, plaque volume was significantly increased [ (76.1 +/- 13.0) mm3 vs. (95.0 +/- 21.9) mm3 , P < 0.05], lumen volume was significantly decreased [(65.0 +/- 10.9) mm3 vs. (45.4 +/- 6.6) mm3, P < 0.05 ] and vascular volume remained unchanged in non-statins group; plaque volume was also significantly increased [(79.5 +/- 15.2) mm3 vs. (87.5 +/- 17.9) mm3 , P < 0.05] while lumen volume and vascular volume remained unchanged in statin group. Remodeling index (RI) remained unchanged in non-statin group but significantly increased in statin group (0.91 +/- 0.08 vs. 0.95 +/- 0.10, P < 0.05) after 12 months.
Chronic statin therapy could retard the coronary atherosclerotic progression in patients with stable angina pectoris and type 2 diabetes with mild elevated LDL-C.