To detect the rate of Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection and to study the effects of treatment so as to prepare monoclonal antibodies (McAbs), and gold immunochromatography assay (GICA) with 12D5 and 21B7 McAbs could be prepared in advance.
Two McAbs (12D5 and 21B7) were applied to detect the circulating antigen (CAg) in the sera of rats infected with A. cantonensis and angiostrongyliasis patients respectively by double antibody sandwich ELISA. Either 12D5 or 21B7 McAbs was used as antibody and protein A was conjugated with colloid gold as the detection marker. A special pad for GICA was designed according to the reaction procedure, and CAg were detected by GICA in the sera of rats infected with A. cantonensis and angiostrongyliasis patients respectively.
12D5 McAb was identified as IgG1 and 21B7 McAb was IgM. Results from Western blotting showed that two McAbs could be used to identified 55 KD protein of adult worms of A. cantonensis. The detection rates of CAg in the sera of infected rats was 100% (48/48) and the detection rates of CAg in the sera of angiostrongyliasis patients was 100% (32/32). No cross-reaction to sera of patients with other infection of parasites, such as clonorchiasis, fasciolopsiasis, ancylostomiasis, ancylostomiasis, anisakiasis as well as schistosomiasis wee seen and normal sera did not react with 12D5 and 21B7 McAbs.
Results from sandwich ELISA and GICA with 12D5 and 21B7 McAbs showed high specificity and acting as detecting CAg of A. cantonensis in sera of infected animals and patients. We noticed that GICA with 12D5 and 21B7 was not only rapid and simple that without requirement of special instrument, but also rather sensitive and specific for the detection of current infection with A. cantonensis.