A GC method was developed for the identification and quantitation of eight sympathomimetic amines in urine, i.e., amphetamine, methamphetamine, mephentermine, ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, methylenedioxyamphetamine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine, and methylenedioxyethylamphetamine. Methoxyphenamine was used as the internal standard (IS). The assay is rapid, sensitive, and simple to perform. It involves a liquid-liquid extraction procedure with simultaneous in-solution derivatization of the organic layer with pentafluorobenzoyl chloride (PFB-CI), followed by GC/MS analysis. These derivatives and the IS were extracted from 1 mL alkaline urine into hexane before derivatization with PFB-CI. The organic layer was then removed and evaporated to dryness before dissolution with hexane for GC/MS analysis. Calibration curves for each analyte showed linearity in the range of 25-5000 ng/mL (r2 > or = 0.997). Recoveries ranged from 88 to 99%, with the precision of recoveries typically < or = 5%. The LOD values ranged from 7 to 28 ng/mL, and the LOQ values ranged from 23 to 94 ng/mL. At least four ions were available for each analyte for confirmation of identity by MS.