It is known that 50% to 68% of women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) have sexual function impairment and avoid sexual intercourse. Reports of sexual function after SUI surgery vary, with reports of both improved function and deteriorated function. The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of midurethral sling procedures on the sexual function of women suffering from SUI preoperatively and 36 months postoperatively.
Among 75 patients who were diagnosed with SUI and underwent the midurethral procedure, 47 patients who answered the Korean version of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Questionnaire were analyzed prospectively. The retropubic route (RPR) was used in 26 patients, whereas the transobturator route (TOR) was used in 21 patients. Fifteen patients underwent concomitant posterior colporrhaphy. The FSFI was completed before surgery and 36 months after surgery.
The patients' mean age was 44.9 years (range, 30-59 years) and their mean parity was 2.8 (range, 0-6). There were no significant differences in the individual FSFI domain scores between before surgery and 36 months (36.8±4.57) after surgery. There were no significant differences in sexual satisfaction between the patients with concomitant posterior colporrhaphy and patients with the midurethral sling procedure only. There were no significant differences in domain score between the TOR and the RPR, but patients experienced less pain after the RPR than after the TOR.
There was no significant change in overall sexual function in women undergoing the midurethral sling procedure. Attention must be paid when performing the TOR procedure because it can cause pain during intercourse.