In vivo pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) enzymes such as glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH), and transaldolase (TAL) activities as well as ATP- and ADP-level variations of Amycolatopsis orientalis were investigated with respect to glucose concentration and incubation period. G6PDH, 6PGDH, and TAL activities of A. orientalis reached maximum levels at 48 hr for all glucose concentrations used, after which the levels began to decline. G6PDH, 6PGDH, and TAL activities showed positive correlation with the glucose concentration up to 15 g/L, while further increases had an opposite effect. Intracellular ATP level showed a positive correlation with glucose concentrations, while ADP level increased up to 15 g/L. ATP concentration of A. orientalis increased rapidly at 48 hr of incubation, as was the case also for G6PDH, 6PGDH, and TAL activities, although the incubation period corresponding to maximum values of ADP shifted to 60 hr. Production of the glycopeptide antibiotic vancomycin increased with the increases in glucose concentrations up to 15 g/L, by showing coherence in the rates of oxidative and nonoxidative parts of the PPP.