A membrane-free baffled microbial fuel cell (MFC) was developed to treat synthetic Cu(II) sulfate containing wastewater in cathode chamber and synthetic glucose-containing wastewater fed to anode chamber. Maximum power density of 314 mW/m(3) with columbic efficiency of 5.3% was obtained using initial Cu(2+) concentration of 6400 mg/L. Higher current density favored the cathodic reduction of Cu(2+), and removal of Cu(2+) by 70% was observed within 144 h using initial concentration of 500 mg/L. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis indicated that the Cu(2+) was reduced to Cu(2)O or Cu(2)O plus Cu which deposited on the cathode, and the deficient cathodic reducibility resulted in the formation of Cu(4)(OH)(6)SO(4) at high initial Cu(2+) concentration (500-6400 mg/L). This study suggested a novel low-cost approach to remove and recover Cu(II) from Cu(2+)-containing wastewater using MFC-type reactor.