Important variations were observed regarding the proportion of backpackers seeking information about travel-associated diseases before departing for Thailand. The main determinants were nationality, reason for travel and age. Sources of information used by travelers varied substantially according to nationality. Moreover, significant differences were recorded regarding pre-exposure vaccination rates against rabies. Having British or Irish citizenship and seeking advice from travel clinic specialists or friends were the strongest and most significant determinants of rabies vaccination history. A significant relationship between vaccine cost and vaccination coverage was also evidenced.