There is a need for new antibiotics or combination of antibiotics that possess activity against increasingly resistant cystic fibrosis (CF) respiratory pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and MRSA.
The antimicrobial activity of a novel 4:1 (w/w) fosfomycin:tobramycin (F:T) combination against CF respiratory pathogens under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions was determined by MIC, time-kill and biofilm studies, and compared with activity of fosfomycin and tobramycin, individually.
F:T and fosfomycin had excellent activity against P. aeruginosa and were more active than tobramycin against P. aeruginosa under anaerobic conditions with lower MIC(50), MIC(90) and geometric mean values. F:T (p<0.001) and fosfomycin (p<0.001) MICs for P. aeruginosa were significantly lower under anaerobic conditions with tobramycin MICs significantly higher (p<0.001). F:T and fosfomycin also had high activity against MRSA with both being more active than tobramycin. In time-kill studies, F:T was rapidly bactericidal against all 15 P. aeruginosa and 3/5 MRSA isolates tested. F:T also demonstrated bactericidal activity against P. aeruginosa grown in biofilm under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions.
F:T has promising in vitro antimicrobial activity against MRSA and P. aeruginosa with greater activity under anaerobic conditions similar to those found in the CF lung.