Two brothers of normal first-cousin parents were found to have Robinow syndrome. Their paternal uncle also married a first cousin and had 3 similarly affected children (2 boys, 1 girl). The 2 affected brothers had short stature, mesomelic and acromelic brachymelia, characteristic face with hypertelorism, wide palpebral fissures, midface hypoplasia and large mouth, and hypogenitalism. Parental consanguinity and affected individuals in 2 sibships of common ancestry strongly suggest autosomal recessive inheritance. Similar cases from the literature are briefly reviewed.