Microcephalic Osteodysplastic Primordial Dwarfism (MOPD) II has recently been defined as a PCNT gene defect. Historically, it has been a disorder of interest because of the severe intrauterine growth restriction and postnatal short stature. The very shortest/smallest mature human being undoubtedly had this disorder. Maria Zarate lived between 1864 and 1890 and traveled in sideshows to England and all over North America. Her exceeding short stature was well documented in photographs and by a group of physicians in England. She was Mexican and also had an affected brother. A museum, Museo Casa Grande, about her still exists in Cempoala, Mexico.