To investigate the correlation of serum specific IgE and skin prick test in allergic rhinitis patients sensitive to dust mite and the difference between the results.
Data of 349 allergic rhinitis patients who had positive result in either Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus(Der p) or Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f) by serum specific IgE and skin prick test were statistically analyzed.
Grades of Skin prick test and specific IgE levels were notably relevant in these two dust mites(Der p r= 0. 568, Der f r= 0. 506, P<0. 01). There was significant difference of positive rates between serum specific IgE and skin prick test in Der p(Chi2 = 11. 605, P<0. 01)but not in Der f(Chi2 =0, P>0.05). There was no correlation between positive degree of two methods and score of clinical symptoms in allergic rhinitis.
Serum specific IgE and skin prick test were notably relevant in allergic rhinitis patients sensitive to dust mites. The positive rates of the two methods were different due to different allergen. Therefore, they could not substitute for each other. The level of serum specific IgE and positive degree of skin prick test could not reflect the degree of symptom in allergic rhinitis.