Expressible HLA class II alpha- and beta-chain cDNA were used for DNA-mediated gene transfer to produce L cell transfectants expressing single types of human class II molecules. Cloned transfectants expressing nine different class II molecules were isolated: DR alpha: DR1 beta I, DR alpha: DR4 beta I, DR alpha: DR5 beta I, DR alpha: DR5 beta III (DRw52), DR alpha: DR7 beta I, DR alpha: DR4/7 beta IV (DRw53), DQ7 alpha: DQw2 beta, DQ7 alpha: DQw3 beta, and DPw4 alpha: DPw4 beta. These class II-expressing transfectants were used to analyze by flow cytometry the molecular specificities of 20 anti-class II mAb. These analyes indicate that some mAb are more broadly reactive than was previously thought based on immunochemical studies. In contrast, the narrow molecular specificities of other anti-class II mAb were confirmed by this approach. Transfectants expressing human class II molecules should be valuable reagents for studies of B cell and T cell defined epitopes on these molecules.