The mainstay of therapy in patients with neuropathic stress urinary incontinence (nSUI) has been through the use of artificial urinary sphincter (AUS). AUS infection/erosion rates are higher in nSUI patients and these patients tend to be younger, increasing the likelihood of multiple AUS revisions in the future. We review our experience with mesh male slings for patients with nSUI.
A retrospective review of patients who had mesh sling placement.
Twenty patients were identified between 2003 and 2011. 14/20 (70%) (5 = AdVance, 8 = InVance, 1 = Virtue) were available for long-term evaluation; in 6/20 (30%) the sling was removed for either infection or perineal wound breakdown. The mean time from injury to male sling was 148.2 (29-449) months. Pre-/post-op fluorourodynamic study was performed in 13 and 7 patients, respectively. There were no significant differences in ALPP (46.4 vs. 55.7 cm H2O, p = 0.106) and MCC (456.6 vs. 608 ml, p = 0.21) in the 7 patients who had a post-op study: five patients had new onset low bladder compliance and two had new onset detrusor overactivity post-sling. With a mean follow-up of 24.7 (1-66) months, 4/14 (28.6%) had no UI.
With short-term follow-up, mesh male slings are a feasible option to treat nSUI. There appears to be a lower success rate for UI resolution, which may be attributable to new onset detrusor failure or wound infection requiring sling removal.