Flowering time is an important trait for Japanese wheat breeding. Aegilops tauschii, the D-genome donor of hexaploid wheat, is a useful resource to enlarge the D-genome diversity of common wheat. Previously, we identified flowering-related QTLs in F2 populations of synthetic hexaploid wheat lines between the tetraploid wheat cultivar Langdon and Ae. tauschii accessions. Here, to evaluate the usefulness of the early-flowering alleles from Ae. tauschii for Japanese wheat breeding, QTL analyses were conducted in two F2 populations derived from crosses between Japanese wheat cultivars and early-flowering lines of synthetic hexaploid wheat. Only two chromosomal regions controlling flowering-related traits were identified, on chromosomes 2DS and 5AL in the mapping populations, and no previously identified QTLs were found in the synthetic hexaploid lines. The strong effect of the 2DS QTL, putatively corresponding to Ppd-D1, was considered to hide any significant expression of other QTLs with small effects on flowering-related traits. When F2 individuals carrying Ae. tauschii-homozygous alleles around the 2DS QTL region were selected, the Ae. tauschii-derived alleles of the previously identified flowering QTLs partly showed an early-flowering phenotype compared with the Japanese wheat-derived alleles. Thus, some early-flowering alleles from Ae. tauschii may be useful for production of early-flowering Japanese wheat cultivars.