The objective was to describe the choice of subsequent surgery after failure of synthetic midurethral slings (MUS) based on a nationwide background population.
We used the Danish National Patient Registry to identify women who had undergone first-time synthetic MUS from 1998 through 2007. The outcome was repeat surgery with any subsequent procedure code for urinary incontinence within a 5-year period of the first procedure.
A total of 5,820 women (mean age 55.4 years, ± 12.1) were registered with a synthetic MUS, and 354 (6 %) underwent reoperation. The first-choice treatment for reoperation was a synthetic MUS (45.5 %) followed by urethral injection therapy (36.7 %) and miscellaneous operations (13.8 %). Pubovaginal slings (2.8 %) and Burch colposuspension (1.1 %) were seldom used. At reoperation, 289 women (82 %) were treated at the department where they had undergone their primary synthetic MUS.
In this nationwide cohort study of synthetic MUS a repeat synthetic MUS was the first choice and urethral injection therapy a frequent second choice. The majority of reoperations (82 %) took place in the same department as the primary operation.