The yajC gene (Lbuc_0921) from Lactobacillus buchneri NRRL B-30929 was identified from previous proteomics analyses in response to ethanol treatment. The YajC protein expression was increased by 15-fold in response to 10 % ethanol vs 0 % ethanol. The yajC gene encodes the smaller subunit of the preprotein translocase complex, which interacts with membrane protein SecD and SecF to coordinate protein transport and secretion across cytoplasmic membrane in Escherichia coli. The YajC protein was linked to sensitivity to growth temperatures in E. coli, involved in translocation of virulence factors during Listeria infection, and stimulating a T cell-mediated response of Brucella abortus. In this study, the L. buchneri yajC gene was over-expressed in E. coli. The strain carrying pET28byajC that produces YajC after isopropyl β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside induction showed tolerance to 4 % ethanol in growth media, compared to the control carrying pET28b. This is the first report linking YajC to ethanol stress and tolerance.