Acute herniation of nondegenerate nucleus pulposus material is an important and relative common cause of acute spinal cord dysfunction in dogs. Two types of herniation of nondegenerate or hydrated nucleus pulposus have been recognized: acute noncompressive nucleus pulposus extrusion (ANNPE) and acute compressive hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion (HNPE). Spinal cord contusion plays an important role in the pathophysiology of both conditions. Sustained spinal cord compression is not present in ANNPE, whereas varying degrees of compression are present in HNPE. Although affected animals often present with severe neurologic signs, good outcomes can be achieved with appropriate treatment.