In a phase 2 trial of 222 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis aged 55 to 85 years randomized to one of three different doses of abaloparatide-SC, subcutaneous teriparatide, or placebo for 24 weeks, abaloparatide-SC resulted in improvements in skeletal microarchitecture as measured by the trabecular bone score.
Subcutaneous abaloparatide (abaloparatide-SC) increases total hip and lumbar spine bone mineral density and reduces vertebral and non-vertebral fractures. In this study, we analyzed the extent to which abaloparatide-SC improves skeletal microarchitecture, assessed indirectly by trabecular bone score (TBS).
This is a post hoc analysis of a phase 2 trial of 222 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis aged 55 to 85 years randomized to abaloparatide-SC (20, 40, or 80 μg), subcutaneous teriparatide (20 μg), or placebo for 24 weeks. TBS was measured from lumbar spine dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) images in 138 women for whom the DXA device was TBS software compatible. Assessments were made at baseline, 12 and 24 weeks. Between-group differences were assessed by generalized estimating equations adjusted for relevant baseline characteristics, and a pre-determined least significant change analysis was performed.
After 24 weeks, TBS increased significantly by 2.27, 3.14, and 4.21% versus baseline in participants on 20, 40, and 80 μg abaloparatide-SC daily, respectively, and by 2.21% in those on teriparatide (p < 0.05 for each). The TBS in the placebo group declined by 1.08%. The TBS increase in each treatment group was significantly higher than placebo at 24 weeks (p < 0.0001 for each) after adjustment for age, BMI, and baseline TBS. A dose-response was observed at 24 weeks across the three doses of abaloparatide-SC and placebo (p = 0.02). The increase in TBS in the abaloparatide-SC 80 μg group was significantly greater than TPTD (p < 0.03).
These results are consistent with an effect of abaloparatide-SC to improve lumbar spine skeletal microarchitecture, as assessed by TBS.