The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) rs6265 (G196A; Val66Met) single nucleotide polymorphism has been associated with BMI and obesity in distinct populations, both adult and pediatric, with contradictory results involving either Val or Met as the risk variant.
To determine the association between the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and BMI in Mexican children and adolescents.
BDNF Val66Met genotyping by restriction fragment length polymorphism and nutritional status characterized by their BMI-for-age z-scores (BAZ) from pediatric volunteers (n = 498) were analyzed by Fisher's exact test association analysis. Standardized residuals (R) were used to determine which genotype/allele had the major influence on the significant Fisher's exact test statistic. Odds ratios were analyzed to measure the association between genotype and normal weight (≥-2 SD < + 1 SD) and overweight (≥ + 1 SD, including obesity, Ow + Ob) status with 95% confidence intervals to estimate the precision of the effect as well as 95% credible intervals to obtain the most probable estimate.
Comparisons between GG (Val/Val), GA (Val/Met) and AA (Met/Met) genotypes or Met homozygotes vs. Val carriers (combination of GG and GA genotypes) showed significant differences (p = 0.034 and p = 0.037, respectively) between normal weight and the combined overweight and obese pediatric subjects. Our data showed that children/adolescents homozygous for the A allele have increased risk of overweight compared to the Val carriers (Bayes OR = 4.2, 95% CI**[1.09-33.1]).
This is the first study showing the significant association between the BDNF rs6265 AA (Met/Met) genotype and overweight/obesity in Mexican pediatric population.