Recognizing and preventing diagnostic errors is an increasingly emphasized topic across medicine, and abdominal imaging is no exception. Peer-learning strives for quality improvement through understanding why errors occur and identifying opportunities to prevent errors from recurring. In an effort to learn from mistakes, our abdominal imaging section initiated a Peer Learning Conference, where errors are discussed and compartmentalized into one or more of the following categories: Observation, Interpretation, Communication, and Inadequate Data Gathering. In this manuscript, the structure of our Peer Learning Conference is introduced and the components of each discrepancy category are described in detail. Images are included to highlight learning points through exemplary cases from the conference.