The aim of this study is to analyze the combined impact of preoperative T1 slope (T1S) and C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (C2-C7 SVA) on determination of cervical alignment after laminoplasty.Forty patients undergoing laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) with more than 2 years follow-up were enrolled. Three parameters, including cervical lordosis, T1S, and C2-C7 SVA, were measured by preoperative and postoperative radiographs. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimal cut-off values of preoperative T1S and C2-C7 SVA for predicting postoperative loss of cervical lordosis. Patients were classified into 4 categories based on cut-off values of preoperative T1S and C2-C7 SVA. The primary outcome was postoperative C2-C7 SVA. Change in radiographic parameters between 4 groups were compared and analyzed.Optimal cut-off values for predicting loss of cervical lordosis were T1S of 20 degrees and C2-C7 SVA of 22 mm. Patients with small C2-C7 SVA, no matter what the value of T1S, got slight loss of cervical lordosis and increase in C2-C7 SVA. Patients with low T1S and large SVA (T1 ≤20° and SVA >22 mm) got postoperative correction of kyphosis and decrease of C2-C7 SVA. However, patients with high T1S and large SVA (T1 >20° and SVA >22 mm) got mean postoperative C2-C7 SVA value of 37.06 mm, close to the threshold value of 40 mm.Determination of cervical alignment after laminoplasty relies on the equilibrium between destruction of cervical structure, kyphotic force, and adaptive compensation of whole spine, lordotic force. Lower T1S means bigger compensatory ability to adjust different severity of cervical sagittal malalignment, and vice versa.